Frequently Used Greek Words in the Bible and meanings


It is an already established fact that the bible was written in Greek and the Hebrew languages. The Old Testament written in Hebrew and the New Testament generally written in Greek. A clear understanding of these originally used words give further insight into the exact rendering of what the speaker or writer was referring to. There are many Greek and Hebrew words used in the Bible. Some are used more frequently and have peculiar meanings.

Lets look at the most frequently used Greek words in the Bible and their meanings.

  1. Ginosko- to have the understanding, or knowledge by revelation. Ephesians 3:19
  2. Epiginosko– knowledge that unites the one who knows with what he knows. It’s knowledge with involvement. 1 Timothy 4:3.
  3. Gnosis– knowledge based on science or intellectual activity. Ephesians 3:19.
  1. Epignosis– exact or precise knowledge; full knowledge with intimacy. It means full comprehension, recognition, or perception. 2 Peter 1:3.
  2. Phronesis– wisdom of the righteous. It’s a force, a spiritual elixir that places you within the ambit of God’s will. It works beyond your natural understanding to cause you to do God’s things God’s way, in God’s time and for God’s purpose. 1 Kings 4:29-30.
  3. Apokalupsis (revelation)- means the unveiling of mysteries; an insight into reality. Ephesians 1:17.
  4. Photizo (enlightened)- which means to turn on the light in your heart. Eph 1:18.
  5. Aido– it means to become aware, or to have knowledge with awareness. 1 Cor 2:12-13, Romans 8:28.
  6. Eirene (peace)- is akin to the Hebrew word “shalom” which means peace without agitation, full of rest and prosperity. John 14:27, John 16:33
  7. Phaneros (appear)- it means to spread abroad. 1 Timothy 4:15.
  8. Allos Parakletos– which means “another of the same kind”.
  9. Lambano (receive)- which means to take possession of; to take something and make it yours. John 16:24.
  10. Teleios – perfect; maturity; completeness; being brought to full age. Colossians 4:12
  11. Logizomai – to take inventory or stock of something so as to be certain. Romans 6:11
  12. Prokopai (profiting) – furtherance, a progress, an advancement.
  13. Sophia (Wisdom): insight into reality, broad and full of intelligence
  14. Sunesis: Analytical Wisdom
  15. Phronesis: Practical Wisdom
  16. Charis (Grace):the divine influence upon the heart, and its reflection in the life; including gratitude): – acceptable, benefit, favour, gift, grace (-ious), joy liberality, pleasure, thank (-s, -worthy).
  17. Huios: Mature or skilled son. which refers to the sons of figurative kingship
  18. Nēpios : an infant, little child metaphorically childish, untaught, unskilled
  19. Ethnos : a group, company, people with the same nature or genus; a group with common characteristics, vision, trade etc.
  20. Pachaz: unrestrained; undisciplined; undependable; unstable
  21. Pleroo: to be full and in to be in need of nothing.
  22. Radah: the right power to rule/govern, a government over the earth
  23. Hikanotes: to have competence or ability, the quality of being adequately fortified and enabled physically, intellectually, mentally, and spiritually for any task!
  24. Dunamis: inherit power; dynamic ability to cause changes. Working ability or miracle working ability.
  25. Aphiemi: let go or have freedom.
  26. Suniyami: sagacious, perspicuous.
  27. Exousia: which is authority; delegated power.
  28. Dokimazo – to test, examine, prove, scrutinize (to see whether a thing is genuine or not) to recognize as genuine after examination, to approve, deem worthy.
  1. Merimnoa – “to take thought,”to be anxious about, or center your mind in such a way as to be concerned and distracted.
  2. Polutumia – citizenship.
  3. Emperipateo – to perambulate. to walk up and down the bounds of a property in a supervisory manner. 2 Corinthians 6:16